Frankly I can be very short on this piece of equipment: indispensable for astrophotography (focal range 200mm-1500mm).
Let me explain why. Unless you use an upper-class mount like 10-Micron or otherwise expensive pieces of metal, guiding is absolutely essential to get perfect images. I tried to use PHD first, but it just didn’t work out for me at that time: I wanted to be operating without computer, with a lot of freedom to work in the field.
With computer, PHD2 gives a lot of things to tune (or fiddle around with). In some cases it worked beautiful for me, in other cases the PC was sounding the alarm constantly to get me crazy ‘lost star’ or whatever, I did not pursue that effort at that time (meanwhile, for long focal scopes, I will use PHD2 all the time since it gives me a lot of control) I’m sure there are lots of people out there that do have the skills or patience to get PHD working, as many pictures evidence.
I have a demanding full-time job. I need my sleep. So ….. indeed what I want to do is setup the telescope, align the mount, frame the object, verify a test-shot …. and then leave everything to image automatically ( taking a risk). I do that using a DSLR and the Lacerta autoguider. Once the whole train starts to move, I can go to bed and have a good night’s sleep. I ‘ll wake up in the morning just to get the SD card out of the Nikon. This is possible for relative short-focus scopes or telelenses, that do not have a lot of temperature creep or sagging focussers etc, all those things that will shift focus during the night. The alternative to that would be an autofocuser.
What about unattended mounts, strangling themselves during the night? Ofcourse you have to make sure the scope or lenses are not going to hit the tripod or pier after a few hours of imaging. Ofcourse you have to take care whatever cable spaghetti you have is not going to strangle anything. So… I will hook up the mount onto a timer and give it ample power for a number of hours. Depending on daylight, depending on the declination (hence pier obstruction), the mount automatically shuts down (brutal power off). All other systems like dew heaters, Lacerta, Nikon will keep getting power. According to the Lacerta manual it’s not a good idea to shut it off without power. Always use the power-off menu to do so. So the Lacerta will stay on all night even after the mounts shuts down wondering where his star went. How accurate is it? I use a 180mm focal lenght SkyWatcher finder (8×50) with the Lacerta. I always get stars. Easy. It will guide all my scopes. Yes, even the C11 at 2800mm focus. In theory it shouldn’t. In practice it does. If you don’t want any egg-shapes stars again, buy one now.
The machine works usually hassle-free. After calibration it also guides perfectly. Th eone thing I sometimes have is that it looses the camera. Without reason the camera will be off.
Going to the 5th page or so on the guiding section allows you to switch the camera back on. Or alternatively power off and power on.
I found this is related to a loose cable connection, most likely at the camera itself. I use a rubber spanner to fix it, putting tension on that connection. Not very elegant. It usually works.
Update January 2016: the Lacerta manual states that you shouldn’t unplug power without shutting down the system first. Allthough I try to oblige to this rule, it happens occassionally that you loose power. I didn’t see any problems as a result of that (yet) A disadvantage I discovered was related to imaging fast-moving comets. It is very difficult to pick out the actual comet on the live screen of the Lacerta, actually tried to do that last night but I did not succeed. Your imaging train or finder scope should be aligned dead center with the lacerta. That is easily done by using an easy recognisable target e.g. Alcor and Mizar. However the party is not on yet at that point. If you succeeded, let me know!
Update May 2017: since half a year I use the Lacerta also as an autoguider for Off-Axis-Guiding. It’s not the easiest job to find guiding stars, but once you have a star and you ran the callibration, it will stick to it. And believe me you will never have seen such sharp images!
Update October 2018: the Lacerta in an OAG / C11 configuration had in many cases a challenge finding guide stars. Focussing on a not-live image also proposes a challenge. So I switched over to an ASI174MM as a guidecam. This requires PHD2 to run, including a laptop.
I was already using a laptop by using NikonBackYard, another indispensable tool. The Lacerta is till used for travel setup, or unattended guiding of telelenses.
See this excellent article about guiding precision by PHD2